Русский | English

The Egyptian adventure of J.-L. Tallien

Zaytseva Daria

The Egyptian expedition became one of the most grandiose ideas of Napoleon Bonaparte: in addition to the military, dozens of civilians went to the unknown eastern country, called to explore this distant and mysterious civilization. There was Jean-Lambert Tallien among them, an eminent revolutionary politician, the hero of the state coup of 9 Thermidor, a former deputy of the National Convention and of the Council of Five Hundred. Having lost his former political influence in Paris, experiencing a personal drama, in dire need of money, he took the risk of following Bonaparte to regain authority and, if possible, improve his financial situation. Going to Egypt, he placed great hopes on this expedition and on the talents of its organizer. However, after Bonaparte, leaving his army to the mercy of fate, fled to France under a plausible pretext, Tallien entered the inner circle of General Jean-Baptiste Kleber, who took over as commander-in-chief of the Army of Orient. Tallien won Kleber’s trust, but after the tragic death of the General on June 14, 1800, it was impossible for him to find a common language with the new commander-in-chief, General Menou. The author of the article, based on the analysis of wide range of sources, among which a special attention was paid to Talien's personal and official correspondence, as well as the memoirs of his contemporaries, attempted to study the motives that prompted him to join this expedition, his activities in Egypt as a civil commissioner, the evolution of his relationship with Kléber and the reasons that forced Tallien to leave Egypt a few months after the assassination of the commander-in-chief.

Keywords: history, Egyptian campaign, Jean-Lambert Tallien, Napoleon Bonaparte, Jean-Baptiste Kléber
Link: Zaytseva D. The Egyptian adventure of J.-L. Tallien // Annual of French Studies 2022: The French outside of France.М. P. 98-117.

Prusskaya E.A. Francuzskaya ekspediciya v Egipet 1798-1801 gg.: vzaimnoe vospriyatie dvuh civilizacij. Moskva, 2016.

Tcoudinov A.V. Zabytaya armiya. Francuzy v Egipte posle Bonaparta. 1799—1800. Moskva, 2019.

Tchoudinov A.V. Terror Francuzskoj revolyucii na zemle Egipta. 1798—1801 gg. // Izv. Ural. feder. un-ta. Ser. 2: Gumanitar. nauki. 2020. T. 22. № 3 (200). S. 27-42.

Arnault A.-V. Souvenirs d'un sexagénaire. T. 4. Paris, 1833.

Carnet de la Sabretache. Revue d'histoire militaire rétrospective. 1936. № 380.

Charles-Vallin T. Tallien: le mal-aimé de la Révolution. Paris, 1997.

Correspondance de Napoléon / publiée par ordre de l'Empereur Napoléon III. T. 4. Paris, 1860.

Correspondance intime de l'armée d'Egypte. Paris, 1866.

Damas A. Journal des opérations du général Kléber // L’État-major de Kléber en Égypte, d’après leurs carnets, journaux, rapports & notes. La Vouivre, 1997.

Desgenettes R.-N. Souvenirs d'un médecin de l'expédition d'Egypte. Paris, 1893.

Gallais M. Histoire du dix-huit brumaire et de Buonaparte. Paris, 1814.

Kléber en Égypte : 1798-1800 / par H.Laurens. T. 1. Paris, 1988.

Kléber et Menou en Egypte depuis le départ de Bonaparte (août 1799 – septembre 1801). Documents publiés pour la Société d'histoire contemporaine par F. Rousseau. Paris, 1900.

La Décade égyptienne. 1798.

La Jonquière C., de. L’expédition d’Égypte. Paris, 2003. T. 2, 3, 5.

La Révolution française. Revue historique // Dir. par A. Dide. T. 3. Paris, 1882.

Laurens H. L'expédition d'Egypte 1798-1801. Paris, 1997.

Le Figaro. 1891.

Mémoires du compte Reynier, général de division. Paris, 1827.

Mémoires sur l'Egypte publiés dans les années VII, VII et IX. T. 3. Paris, X.

Moniteur universel. 1801.