The article is devoted to the analysis of the book «Napoleon and de Gaulle: two French heroes» by the famous French historian, a major specialist in the history of the French revolution, the Consulate and the First Empire, Patrice Gueniffey, published by Perrin in 2017 and awarded a number of prizes. The article analyzes the content of the book by P. Gueniffey and concludes that it is not only a book about the main characters of the French Pantheon of heroes of the past, but also about historical memory and its structure, about the processes, taking place in the modern society, its relationship with the past - and about historical education. Moreover, P. Gueniffey's book is about the history of France in the broadest sense. Patrice reconstructs through his characters the great and dramatic pages of national history. It is concluded that the monograph of P. Gueniffey, which raises questions about society's reinterpretation of its heroes, can be useful not only for specialists in the history of France, but also for historians, political scientists, and sociologists, reflecting on the fates of heroes of national history.
Research for this article was funded with the support of project № 14.Z50.31.0045 from the Ministry of Education and Science of the Russian Federation.