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Duchess Mary Caroline of Berry: Mary Stuart of Vendee

Tanshina Natalia

The events of the Vendee war of 1793-1796 are deeply studied in French historiography, but they are still the subject of serious not only scientific, but also ideological disputes for French historians. The word "Vendee" itself eventually became a household name, becoming a symbol of opposition to the French revolution. Vendee did not end in the XVIII century, and the region lives on the events of that war to this day, so the famous French historians, a major specialist in the history of Vendee J.-K. Martin calls the war in Vendee "endless". In the course of the "Hundred days" there was a "second edition" of the Vendee. The July revolution of 1830 and the rise to power of king Louis-Philippe d'Orleans again turned Vendee into a stake in the political game. The unsuccessful and, by and large, doomed to failure of the Vendee uprising of 1832 (or the fifth Vendee war may 24-June 12, 1832), went down in history and acquired a romantic flair in large part because of the participation of the Duchess Mary-Caroline of Berry, which is dedicated to this essay. The article analyzes the personality of Mary-Caroline of Berry, briefly traces the course of the revolt in Vendee in 1832. and the results are made about the reasons for his defeat.

Keywords: Marie-Caroline, Duchess of Berry, the Vendee uprising of 1832, the July monarchy, the Vendee in historical memory, king Louis-Philippe of Orleans, legitimism
Link: Tanshina N. Duchess Mary Caroline of Berry: Mary Stuart of Vendee // Annual of French Studies 2020: Wars and Revolutions in Modern Times.М. P. 236-256.

Research for this article was funded with the support of project № 14.Z50.31.0045 from the Ministry of Education and Science of the Russian Federation.