The German occupation of France in 1870-1873 belongs to the number of under-investigated themes even for the French historiography, especially comparing with the interest to the similar experience of the both World wars. The problem of reconstruction of impartial and truly full-scale depiction is still perfectly actual and unresolved. The author of article attempts to outline the special issues of the German occupation, the measure of engendered conflicts and principal stereotypes of mutual perception of the victors and defeated. This analysis will take into consideration the course of political events and military operations as well. The chronology of the very occupation divides it into two stages: the period of war and the period of the postwar occupation («occupation de garantie») aimed to guarantee the implementation of the peace treaty’s provisions (March 1871 – mid-September 1873).