The article analyses the foreign policy views and activities of a great French politician and liberal activist of the XIX century Adolphe Thiers in the Middle East and Northern Africa. Thiers’ political actions as Minister of Foreign affairs is inserted into a wider context of the Anglo-French rivalry in the Mediterranean in the XIX century. Great attention is paid to the revelation of the French instruments of influence in the region and Thiers’ approaches to the problem of the Anglo-French rivalry in the Mediterranean Sea. The possible causes of Thiers’ interest to the region and the evolution of his foreign policy views are studied. Oriental crisis of 1840, when Thiers was the head of the government, is considered within the framework of this evolution of views.